Five of a kind – This is the best possible hand, and it can only happen if one of the cards is wild, like a joker. Five of a kind can consist of four tens and a joker card, or two queens and a three.
Straight Flush – This is the best possible hand when using only the regular deck and no joker cards. A straight flush consists of five consecutive cards of the same suit, such as 10, 9, 8, 7, 6 or hearts.

Four of a kind is the second best hand. Two examples are four aces and four threes.
A full house consists of three cards of one rank and two cards of a different rank, such as three 8s and two 4s.
Five cards of the same suit, not in the same order, make up a suit. Clubs Q, 10, 7, 6 and 2 are an example.

Five cards in a row that are not all of the same suit are called straights. 9 is an example of a number, as is 8; 7 is an example, 6 is an example and 5 is an example.
Three of a Kind is a hand that combines three cards of the same rank and two cards of different rankings, such as three of jacks, seven and four.
Two Pairs – This hand has two pairs of the same rank plus a fifth card of a different rank, such as Q, Q, 7, 7, 4, and so on.
One Pair – In this joint combination, there is only one pair, and the remaining three cards are of different rankings. For example, ten, ten
No pair – The expression “none” appears in this joint hand. There are no pairs among the five cards, and not all are of the same suit or rank. If no one has a pair, hands are ranked by the highest card of each hand, an ace high hand is better than a king high hand, etc.


Before and after each card is shown, players take turns betting. To stay in the hand and see the next card, all players must have the same number of chips in the pot.
The best poker hand wins the pot.


Two cards are dealt to each participant for sight.
The dealer deals each player five cards, three at a time, then one, then one, to build the best possible five-card hand.


In Hold’em, each player is dealt two secret cards (“card cards”) that are only available to them. The five community cards are dealt face up to form a “board”. All players in the game create the best possible five-card poker hand by using these shared community cards together with their unique hole cards. In Hold’em, a player can make the best five-card poker hand using any combination of the seven available cards, including zero, one or two of their own.

  • In Hold’em, the designation “button” or “dealer’s button” indicates which player is the dealer in the current game. The player must place a “small blind”, the first mandatory bet, clockwise from the button before the game starts. The player posts a “big blind”, usually twice the size of the small blind, immediately clockwise from the small blind. Blinds, in turn, can vary depending on the bet and the betting structure used.
  • In limit games, the big blind is a small bet, but the small blind is usually half the size of the big blind, but can be larger depending on the stakes. For example, in a $2/$4 Limit game, the small blind is $1 and the big blind is $2. In a $15/$30 limit game, the small blind is $10 and the big blind is $15.
  • The game refers to the size of the blinds in Pot Limit and No Limit games (for example, in $1/$2 Hold’em, the small blind is $1 and the big blind is $2).
    Depending on the structure of the game, each player may also be required to place an “ante” on the pot (another forced bet, usually smaller than either, that all players place at the table).
  • Each participant is now dealt two hole cards. Betting moves clockwise around the table starting with the player who is “under the gun” (immediately clockwise from the big blind).
  • Betting options for players
  • In hold’em, as in other forms of poker, the options are to fold, check, bet, call or raise. The options available are influenced by the actions of previous players. If no one has bet yet, a player can check (refuse to play but keep his cards) or bet. Other players can fold, call or raise after the player has bet. The amount is the same as the amount bet by the previous player. Raising means not only matching but also raising the previous bet.
    flop in progress

After seeing their cards, each player can now play their hand by calling or raising the big blind. To the left of the big blind, which is currently considered a live bet, the action begins. This player has the option to fold, call or raise the pot. For example, if the huge blind pays $2, a call will cost $2 and a raise of at least $4. The activity then moves clockwise around the table.